al-Muddaththir · Juz 29 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Muddathir Ayaat 11-26

Tafseer Ayaat 11-17 Man’s Ungratefulness Despite Allah’s Favors

Untitled Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala threatens this wicked person whom He has favored with the blessings of this world, yet he is ungrateful for the blessings of Allah and he meets them with disbelief (in Allah) and rejection of His ayaat. He invents lies against them and claims Qur’an to be a word of a man. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala recounts to him His favors upon him when He says, “Leave Me Alone (to deal) with whom I created Alone,” (75: 11). This man came from his mother’s womb without bringing any wealth or children with him. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala provided him all in abundance. His children did not leave him to attend to business or for travel. Rather he was provided by enough wealth from Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala that he could hire servants to conduct business or trade on his behalf and travel long distances. While the servants were away to conduct business on his behalf he enjoyed the company of his children beside him. He lived a life of luxury and comfort all because of the many favors that Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala has bestowed him with. “After all that he desires that I should give more,” (74: 15) meaning there is no end to his greed. He had abundant wealth, children and comfort yet he desired more. This indicated his ungratefulness. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala responds by saying, “I shall force him to Sa’ood, (74: 17). Ibn ‘Abbas radhiAllahu ‘anhu explains, “Sa’ood is a rock in Hell that the disbeliever will be dragged across on his face.” As-Suddi said, “Sa’ood is a slippery rock in Hell that he will be forced to climb.” Mujahid commented, “This is a harsh portion of the torment.”

Ayaat 18-26 Man’s Ungratefulness Despite Allah’s Favors

Untitled Waleed ibn Mugheerah will be forced to face the harsh torment of Sa’ood because he was far away from faith. He was fully convinced of the veracity of the Messengership of the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam but his anger got the better of him, and being vanquished by his arrogance and conceit, he had decided to oppose him. He could not openly lie about the Prophet or else he would be exposed to shame and disgrace because the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was known as the Sadiq and Amin in his hometown. Therefore, he pondered carefully, and suggested that he should label the Prophet as a magician on the grounds that his speech causes separation between families. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says, “So let him be cursed, how he plotted!” (74: 19) this is a supplication against him. He gave much thought to his evil scheme and contemplated the outcome. When he was planning the scheme he contracted his eyebrows together and frowned. He turned his face away in disgust until an evil idea struck his mind. For so long he was defending the Prophet (salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) in front of Abu Jahl and he was closer to faith but after he deliberated over how he could discourage people from accepting Islam he was away from faith. He became arrogant and refused to submit to the truth. And about the Qur’an he said, “This is nothing but magic from that of old. This is nothing but the word of a human being!” (74: 24-25). He called the Qur’an magic that he claimed the Prophet received from those who were before him. He called it a word of man instead of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. His place will be in the Hellfire because of what he said.

REFLECTIONS: The disbelievers at the time of the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam were engaged in all kinds of immoralities but one sin that they abstained from was lying. they would never lie even about their enemies fearing that if they did so they will be known as liars. We see this in the example of Waleed ibn Mugheerah. He had to scheme up an evil plan to discourage people. We saw this in the example of Abu Sufyan when he was asked about the Message that the Prophet had brought and claimed it to be true. This makes the Muslims of today reflect on the fact why is it easy for us to lie? We utter lies or spread fake news as if there will be no accountability for what slips from our tongues. One should be careful of what he utters regardless of his mood or state. Waleed ibn Mugheerah uttered one lie against the Qur’an and the Messenger despite acknowledging them to be true and his place was decided to be Hellfire.

May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala allow us to control our emotions and our tongues, aameen.

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