al-Muzzammil · Juz 29 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Muzzamil Ayaat 5-9

Ayaat 5-9 The Magnificence of the Qur’an

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala explains the reason for standing up in prayer,


The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was being prepared for the demands and responsibilities of the Divine revelation. It was necessary that he developed required power in himself and this was not possible unless he sacrificed his comfort (that is sleeping the entire night).

The Qur’an has been called a weighty Word [قَوْلًا ثَقِيلًا] because acting on its commands, demonstrating its teaching, inviting others to it, and bringing about a revolution in the entire system of belief and thought, morals and manners, civilization and social life, according to it, is indeed the weightiest task any human being ever has been charged with. Another reason is that bearing the burden of its revelation was a difficult and heavy duty.

Zaid bin Thabit radhiAllahu ‘anhu said, “The Messenger of Allah (salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) received some revelation while his thigh was on top on my thigh, and my thigh was almost crushed due to it.” ‘Aishah radhiAllahu ‘anha narrated that al-Harith bin Hisham asked the Messenger of Allah, salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam how the revelation came to him. The Prophet replied,

أَحْيَانًا يَأْتِي فِي مِثْلِ صَلْصَلَةِ الْجَرَسِ وَهُوَ أَشَدُّهُ عَلَيَّ، فَيُفْصَمُ عَنِّي وَقَدْ وَعَيْتُ عَنْهُ مَا قَالَ، وَأَحْيَانًا يَتَمَثَّلُ لِي الْمَلَكُ رَجُلًا فَيُكَلِّمُنِي فَأَعِي مَا يَقُول

“Sometimes it comes to me like the ringing of a bell, and it is most severe upon me. Then this state passes away from me after I have grasped what is inspired. Sometimes the angel comes to me in the form of a man and talks to me and I grasp whatever he says.” ‘Aishah radhiAllahu ‘anha added, “Verily, I saw him receiving revelation and I noticed the sweat dropping from his forehead on a very cold day as the revelation ended,” [Bukhari]. Imam Ahmad recorded from ‘Aishah radhiAllahu ‘anha that she said, “If the Messenger of Allah (salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) received any revelation while he was on his riding animal, it would begin moving its Jiran intensely.” The Jiran is the bottom of the neck.

‘Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam said, “Just as it (Qur’an) is heavy in this world, it will also be heavy on the Day of Judgment in the Scales.”

Then it was said, “Verily, the rising by night is very hard and most potent and good for governing (the soul), and most suitable for (understanding) the Word (of Allah),” (73: 6). The word nashi’ah has been interpreted in four ways:

1. It implies the person who rises at night;
2. The hours of night;
3. The rising by night; and
4. The rising after having slept for some time.

The point is that nashi’ah of the night refers to its hours and times, every hour of it is called nashi’ah so it refers to the periods of time.

The nafs (soul) seeks comfort and pleasure. When a person gives up his sleep to stand in worship at night, he is taking control over his nafs and disciplining it. He gains dominance over his body and mind and is able to use his power in the way of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala.

Secondly, this is an effective means of producing harmony and concord between the heart and the tongue, for during these hours of the night none else intervenes between the servant and his Lord, and whatever man utters with his tongue in this state, is the very voice of his heart. This is a very efficacious means of bringing about conformity between the exterior and the interior of man, for the person who in the solitude of the night would abandon his comfort and ease and arise for worship, would do so only out of sincerity. There can be no tinge of display and hypocrisy in his actions. As this worship is harder on man than the worship of the daytime, it develops steadfastness in him. He is enabled to walk in the path of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala more firmly and can face and endure the hardships of that way with greater constancy and determination.

After mentioning the virtues of waking up at night and worshiping Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala, there is a reminder, “And remember the Name of your Lord and devote yourself to Him with a complete devotion,” (73: 8). Do not become so involved in your worldly occupations and obsessions that you become heedless of the remembrance of your Lord. Remember Him often and devote yourself to Him.

“(He Alone is) the Lord of the east and the west, none has the right to be worshipped but Him. So take Him Alone as Disposer of your affairs,” (73: 9). Wakeel is a person in whom one has complete faith; so much so that one can entrust all of one’s affairs to him with full satisfaction of the heart. Thus, it means whenever something is bothering us we should not feel distressed. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is al-Wakeel. Entrust our affairs to Him and be satisfied that He will fight our case. He will deal with our opponents, and He will look after all our interests well. This is as it appears in Surah Hud ayah 123,

فَاعْبُدْهُ وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَيْهِ ۚ

“So worship Him and put your trust in Him,” (11: 123)

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