al-Jinn · Juz 29 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Jinn Ayaat 21-24

Ayaat 21-24 It is Only Obligatory on the Messenger to Convey the Message

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Meaning I am only a man like you all and I have received revelation. I am only a servant among the servants of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. I have no control over the affairs of your guidance or misguidance. Rather all of these things are referred to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. No one can save me from the punishment of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala as well if I was to disobey him. The power to guide or the power to misguide is with Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala only and my responsibility is only to convey.

The word mul’tahada [مُلْتَحَدا] is from the root lam-ha-dal which means ‘to make a niche or receptacle for corps such as a trench’ and it can also mean ‘lodging, refuge, concealment or protection’. Lahad is also used for grave because it is shaped as a trench and provides protection to the deceased. Imagine the humiliation the deceased would have had to face if people could see what’s happening to him after his death. May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala forgive our dead and allow us to be sadaqa for them, aameen.

“…and whosoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, then verily, for him is the Fire of Hell,” (72: 23) meaning whoever disobeys after learning the truth, then his reward will be the fire of Hell wherein he will abide forever. There will be no escape from it. Maulana Maududi adds that this does not mean that every sin and act of disobedience will cause one to live in Hell forever, but in view of the context in which this has been said, the ayah means that the one who does not accept the invitation of tawheed given by Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala and His Messenger salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and does not refrain from polytheism will suffer in Hell forever.

“Till, when they see that which they are promised, then they will know who it is that is weaker concerning helpers and less important concerning numbers,” (72: 24) meaning until the promised Day of Judgment. The background of this ayah is that those of the Quraysh who used to mob and surround the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and opposed his message were under the delusion that they were stronger because of their larger number whereas the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam had only a handful of men with him. They believed because of their larger number they would easily overwhelm him. Therefore, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala warns them through this ayah that today you find the Messenger salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam helpless and friendless but when that evil Day comes of which you are being warned then you will know whose helpers are weaker and fewer in number.

Here is a lesson for us too; we should not be deceived by the numbers of our opponents. If what we are following is according to the Qur’an and Sunnah then there is nothing to be afraid of. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala does not abandon righteous believers, as Qur’an teaches us. Have complete tawakkal on Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala and be strong in your Deen.

May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala help and protect the oppressed Muslims wherever they might be especially those who are being persecuted because of their following of the Deen. May He give them strength and perseverance to bear it all for His sake, aameen.

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