al-Qalam · Juz 29 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Qalam Ayaat 46-52

Ayaat 46-52 And Indeed those who Disbelieve would Almost Make You Slip

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“Or do you ask of them a payment, so they are by debt burdened down?” (68: 46) meaning you, O Muhammad salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, call them to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala without taking any wages from them. Rather, you hope for the reward with Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. Yet, they reject that which you have brought to them simply due to ignorance, disbelief and obstinacy.

“Then be patient for the decision of your Lord,” (68: 48) meaning persevere against the harm your people cause you and their rejection. For verily, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala will give you authority over them, and make the final victory for you and your followers in this life and the Hereafter.

Here is a lesson for everyone who might be suffering in their personal lives. Do not lose the reward for patience by letting your emotions go haywire. Be patient and wait for the help of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala to come. Things will be better and different for you perhaps not now but there will come a time when things will be according to your liking. You have to ensure you are not disobeying Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala or going against any of His commands. Do not take matters in your hands and ruin your life. Seek help from Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala through patience and prayer.

“And be not like the companion of the fish,” (68: 48) meaning Yunus ‘alayhi salaam when he went off angry with his people. Various things happened to him, such as riding on a ship at sea, being swallowed by a (large) fish, the fish carrying him off into the ocean, being in the darkness and depth of the sea and hearing the sea’s and its dwellers glorification of the Most High, the Most Able (Allah). For Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is the One Whose execution of divine decree cannot be resisted. After all of this, Yunus ‘alayhi salaam called out from the layers of darkness.

أَن لاَّ إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ أَنتَ سُبْحَـنَكَ إِنِّى كُنتُ مِنَ الظَّـلِمِينَ 

“None has the right to be worshipped but You, Glorified are You! Truly, I have been of the wrongdoers,” (21: 87).

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala heard his prayer and delivered him from his affliction. Had it not be the grace of his Lord, he would have been left in the stomach of the fish. But Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala forgave him for his impatience and relieved him from his affliction.

“So his Lord chose him and made him of the righteous,” (68: 50) meaning he made a mistake, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala gave him the tawfeeq to repent for it. He was forgiven and again chosen and made of the righteous. We read a similar account earlier about the companions of the garden. When they realized their mistake they sought forgiveness and Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala forgave them. We learn that when a person commits a sin or does something wrong he must immediately hasten to seek sincere forgiveness from Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. If Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala finds sincerity in his repentance He might forgive him. We seek Allah’s forgiveness for the evil that we have committed whether it is known to us or unknown.

The people of Makkah tried every tactic to stop the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam from spreading the message. One trick, that they came up with was to stare at him so as to overpower him, confuse him and make him lose his confidence. Therefore, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala revealed this ayah and said, “And indeed, those who disbelieve would almost make you slip with their eyes when they hear the message,” (68: 51). Another interpretation of this ayah is that the eyes referred here is the evil eye. Because of their jealousy and hatred for the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam they would cast an evil eye upon him, and were it not for Allah’s protection of him, defending him against them then their evil eye would have harmed him.

“And they say, ‘Indeed, he is mad,’” (68: 51) because of the Qur’an that he would be reciting. Refuting their claim Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala said, “But it is not except a reminder to all the ‘Alameen,” (68: 52) meaning Qur’an is not madness but a reminder. The best way, to keep safe is to seek protection from Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala and be confident in your religion.

DOWNLOAD PDF: Tafseer Surah al-Qalam

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