al-Mulk · Juz 29 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Mulk Ayaat 6-11

Ayaat 6-11 the Description of Hell and those who will enter into it

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A worst end and a terrible destiny awaits all those from among the men or the Shayateen that disbelieve in Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. When they are thrown into Hell they will hear a dreadful sound. Ibn Jareer said that this is the sound of shouting. Maulana Abu ‘Ala Maududi explained that the word shaheeq is used for producing a cry like the ass’s braying. It could be the sound of Hell itself, as well as the sound coming from Hell where the people already flung into it would be screaming and crying. This second meaning is supported by Surah Hud ayah 106, where it has been said, “Therein they will pant and hiss (because of thirst),” (11: 106) and the first meaning is confirmed from Surah al-Furqan ayah 12 which says, “When the Hell will see them from afar, they will hear the sounds of its raging and roaring,” (25: 12). On this basis, the correct meaning is that it would be the noise made both by Hell and by the dwellers of Hell.

Then Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says, “It almost bursts with rage,” (67: 8) meaning some parts of it almost break apart from other parts due to the severity of its rage and anger with them. “Every time a company is thrown into it, its keepers ask them, ‘Did there not come to you a warner?’” (67: 9). Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala reminds us of His justice in dealing with His creatures and that He does not punish anyone until the proof has been established against them and a Messenger has been sent to them. “They will say, ‘Yes, a warner had come to us but we denied…’” (67: 9), Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala had not kept them uninformed and unwarned. He had sent the Prophets to them. He had informed them of the truth and of the Right Way. He had warned them that if they followed a way other than the Right Way, it would lead them to Hell. But they had not listened.  Thus, they have no recourse but to blame themselves and they will feel remorseful when such remorse will be of no benefit to them. This thing has been pointed out over and over again in the Qur’an that the test for which Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala has sent man in the world is not being conducted by keeping man absolutely unaware and uninformed of the requirements of the test. Rather, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala has made the most appropriate arrangements. He sent down Prophets (peace be upon them all), sent down Books and guided man to the Right Way yet man did not pay any heed.

On that Day, no one can present the excuse that he was unaware of the Truth and that what was expected of him. They will say, “If only we had been listening or reasoning, we would not be among the companions of the Blaze,” (67: 10) meaning if we had listened to the Prophets and paid attention to what was being said or used our intellect to understand what this Truth was, we would not have been disbelieving in Allah and misguided about Him. Note that in the ayah listening comes before understanding the message. This indicates that listening to what is being said is a pre-requisite of obtaining guidance. A person who comes to the class and does not pay any attention to what is being said will he understand anything?

They will admit their sins and be thrown in the Blaze.

Imam Ahmad recorded from Abu al-Bakhtari at-Ta’i that he heard from one of the Companions radhiAllahu ‘anhu that the Messenger of Allah salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said,

لَنْ يَهْلِكَ النَّاسُ حَتْى يُعْذِرُوا مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِم

“The people will not be destroyed until they themselves confess their guilt.”  

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