Qur’an is the speech of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala revealed for the guidance of mankind. It is an honorable Book, and for its revelation, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala chose the most blessed night in the most blessed month of Ramadan.
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says,
إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةٍ مُّبَارَكَةٍ ۚ إِنَّا كُنَّا مُنذِرِينَ
“Indeed, We sent it down during a blessed night. Indeed, We were to warn [mankind].” [Ad-Dukhan 44: 3]
At another place it is said,
شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِي أُنزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ هُدًى لِّلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَاتٍ مِّنَ الْهُدَىٰ وَالْفُرْقَانِ ۚ
“The month of Ramadan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion.” [al-Baqarah 2: 185]
The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam used to recite the Qur’an to Jibreel ‘alayhi salaam during Ramadan.
‘Abdullah ibn Masood radhiAllahu ‘anhu said, “Jibreel used to meet him every night of the month of Ramadan till it elapsed. Allah’s Messenger used to recite the Qur’an to him.” [Bukhari: 1902]
We learn through another narration that the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam used to recite the Qur’an (whatever had been revealed thus far) to Jibreel ‘alayhi salaam once every year and in the last year of his life, he did so twice. [Bukhari: 3624]
From the above ahadeeth, we learn of the close affinity between our Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and the Qur’an. Therefore, we should also establish a close relationship with the Qur’an during this special month. We can do this in the following manner:
Recitation of the Qur’an
Qur’an has been revealed in the Arabic language and that is why reading its Arabic text is a means of earning reward. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala has promised ten rewards for reciting every letter of the Qur’an. To the ones who recite the Qur’an, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala gives the glad tidings of having made a successful deal that carries no issues. He says:
“Indeed, those who recite the Book of Allah and establish prayer and spend (in His cause) out of what We have provided them, secretly and publicly, (can) expect a profit that will never perish.” [Fatir: 29]
That is why we should spend more time reading the Qur’an during the month of Ramadan as compared to other days.
Recitation of the Qur’an during Night Prayers
Reciting and listening to the Qur’an during Taraweeh or Qiyam ul Layl (voluntary night prayers) will be a means of intercession on the Day of Judgment. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr radhiAllahu ‘anhu narrated that the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said,
“The fast and the Qur’an are two intercessors for the servant of Allah on the Day of Resurrection. The fast will say, ‘O Lord, I prevented him from his food and desires during the day. Let me intercede for him.’ The Qur’an will say, ‘I prevented him from sleeping at night. Let me intercede for him.’ And their intercession will be accepted.” [Musnad Ahmad, Vol.11, 6626]
We also learn from the narration of ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas radhiAllahu ‘anhu that reading the Qur’an during the night is better as compared to that done during the day for the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam used to Jibreel every night.
The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam led the night prayer (Taraweeh) thrice during the last ten days of Ramadan and made long recitation therein. [Bukhari: 2012]
Memorization (Hifdh) of Qur’an
Apart from reciting the Qur’an, memorizing and preserving it in the heart is also a noble deed. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-Aas radhiAllahu ‘anhu narrated that the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “The one who was devoted to the Qur’an will be told on the Day of Resurrection: Recite and ascend (in ranks) as you used to recite when you were in the world. Your rank will be at the last Ayah you recite.” [Sunan Abu Dawoud: 1464]
Obviously, this would only be possible for those who have memorized and preserved the Qur’an in their hearts.
Reflecting on the Qur’an
To ponder and reflect upon the meanings of the ayaat of the Qur’an is also considered a meritorious act. We should try to reflect deeply on its ayaat so that we may understand it better and implement it accordingly. Indeed, the Qur’an has been revealed for the practical guidance of all mankind.
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says,
كِتَابٌ أَنزَلْنَاهُ إِلَيْكَ مُبَارَكٌ لِّيَدَّبَّرُوا آيَاتِهِ وَلِيَتَذَكَّرَ أُولُو الْأَلْبَابِ
“[This is] a blessed Book which We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], that they might reflect upon its ayaat and that those of understanding would be reminded.” [Sa’ad: 29]
Learning and teaching the Qur’an
Individual recitation and reflection upon the Qur’an, learning and teaching it in study circles is a source of immense blessings from Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. Abu Huraira radhiAllahu ‘anhu narrates that the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “No people gather in one of the houses of Allah, reciting, the Book of Allah and teaching it to one another, but the angels will surround them, tranquility will descend upon them mercy will envelop them and Allah will mention them to those who are with Him (angels).” [Muslim: 6953]
Things to Do:
– Recite the Qu’ran frequently during Ramadan. Complete its recitation in entirety at least once by yourself.
– If you have memorized all or part of the Qur’an, set up a time to revise it formally on a regular basis. Otherwise, try to memorize some portions of the Qur’an.
– Ensure that you listen to the entire Qur’an behind the Imam during the voluntary night prayer (Taraweeh).
– Make an effort to understand and reflect upon the meanings of the Qur’an.
– Invite family and friends to the Qur’an and encourage them towards its understanding, as hearts are more inclined towards goodness during the blessed month of Ramadan.
– Try to attend any locally-organized gathering of Dawrah-e-Qur’an (review of the Qur’an) or listen to one online, so that you can educate yourself or somebody else.
– Listen to CDs or audio tapes of the Qur’an and its meanings and share such audio resources with others as well.