بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Surah Al-Adiyat – An Overview
Period of Revelation: Makkan
Order of Revelation: 14
Theme and Subject Matter:
The Surah aims at making people realize how evil man becomes when he denies the Hereafter, or becomes heedless of it. It also warns that in the Hereafter not only the visible and apparent will be evaluated, but the secrets hidden in their hearts too will be subjected to scrutiny.
This Surah was revealed when there was chaos and confusion prevailing in Arabia. Bloodshed, loot and plunder raged on every side. Tribes were subjecting tribes to raids, and no one could have peaceful sleep at night from fear that some enemy tribe might raid his settlement early in the morning.
Every Arab was fully conscious of this state of affairs and realized that it was wrong. Although the plundered bemoaned his miserable, helpless state and the plunderer rejoiced, yet when the plunderer himself was plundered, he too realized how abject the condition was in which the whole nation was involved.
Referring to this state of affairs, it has been said: Unaware of the second life after death and his accountability before Allah, man has become ungrateful to his Lord and Sustainer. He is using the powers and abilities given by Allah for perpetrating tyranny and pillage; blinded by the love of worldly wealth he tries to obtain it by every means, however impure and filthy, and his own state itself testifies that by abusing the powers bestowed by his Lord he is being ungrateful to Him. He would never have behaved so, had he known the time when the dead will be raised from the graves, and when the intentions and motives with which he had done all sorts of deeds in the world, will be exposed and brought out before everyone to see. At that time the Lord and Sustainer of men shall be well informed of what one had done and what punishment or reward one deserved.
May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala protect us from living of life heedless and only chasing fleeting joys of this world, ameen.