Al-Bayyinah · Juz 30 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah Al-Bayyinah Ayaat 6 – 8

The End of the Unbelievers and the Believers

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala then ends this Surah by presenting a comparison between the end of unbelievers (the mushrikeen and the People of the Book) and the believers who accept Allah’s commands and do righteous. He says,

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Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala informs of what will happen to the wicked disbelievers among the People of the Scripture and the idolaters who oppose the Allah’s divinely revealed Books and the prophets whom He sent. He says that they will be in the fire of Hell on the Day of Judgment and they will abide therein forever. This means that they will remain in it and they will have no way out of it and they will not cease being in it.

They are the worst of creatures,” (98: 6) meaning, they are the worst creation that Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala has fashioned and created. Then Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala informs about the situation of the righteous people who believed in their hearts and performed righteous deeds with their bodies. He says that they are the best of creation. Abu Huraira radhiAllahu ‘anhu and a group of the scholars have used this ayah as a proof that the believers have a status among the creatures that is better than the angels. This is because Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says,

أُوْلَـئِكَ هُمْ خَيْرُ الْبَرِيَّةِ

“They are the best of creatures,” (98: 7)

Then Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says, “Their reward with their Lord is Eternal Gardens, underneath which rivers flow. They will abide therein forever,” (98: 8) meaning having no end, no break and no conclusion.

رِّضِىَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُواْ عَنْهُ

“Allah will be pleased with them, and they well-pleased with Him,”

(98: 8).

The condition of Him being pleased with them is more illustrious than all of the everlasting delights that they will be given.

ذَلِكَ لِمَنْ خَشِىَ رَبَّهُ

These delights are for him who fears his Lord as He deserves to be feared. This is the person who worships Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala as if he sees Him, and he knows that even though he does not see Him, indeed Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala sees him.

May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala make us of those who live this life being conscious of Him at every step in every stage, ameen.

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