Allah is Ghafoor, At-Tawwab, Ar-Raheem

1

December 24, 2015 by Verse By Verse Quran Study Circle

transgression

Part 1 | Part 2

These are the three attributes of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala related to repentance. He is the Most-Forgiving, the Most Accepting of Repentance, and the Most Merciful.

At more than 100 places in the Qur’an, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala described Himself as Ghafoor and Raheem, and in many ayaat He has stated His favor of accepting repentance on His servants.

Lesson:

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala mentions His attributes of forgiveness not once but more than a 100 times. Why? It is because man does not stop committing sins after committing them once. He keeps doing them and Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala keeps forgiving them. Consider how many times you lie in a day or how many times you have lied in your life? Many of us cannot even remember that. How many times did we disobey our parents? How many times we engage in gossips and back biting? There are similar sins that either we do not even consider sins or keep track of. We even forget to seek forgiveness, yet Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala lovingly keeps forgiving us.

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says in Surah An-Nisa ayah 27, “Allah wants to accept your repentance, but those who follow [their] passions want you to digress [into] a great deviation.” (4: 27)

Lesson:

The next time when you are down remember that “Allah wants to accept your repentance.” People might discourage you and make you lose hope in Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. Do not listen to them. They are those who have not recognized Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala themselves. They are followers of their nafs. Sit with those who are repentant, humble, and God-conscious.

And He said in Surah An-Nur ayah 10, “And if not for the favor of Allah upon you and His mercy… and because Allah is Accepting of repentance and Wise.” (24: 10)

Lesson:

If a person does not repent he will keep drowning in his sins and eventually will be overtaken by a great calamity. May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala protect us. Do not miss the chance to repent.

And He said in Surah An-Najam ayah 32, “Indeed, your Lord is vast in forgiveness.” (53: 32)

And in Surah Al-A’raf, He said, “…My mercy encompasses all things..” (7: 156)

Lesson:

No matter how big your sin is remember: the mercy of Allah is greater. Don’t be deluded by Satanic whisperings that Allah will never forgive you. Do not be discouraged by what people say. Run toward the forgiveness of your Lord. His maghfirah is vast.

So O My Dear Brother!

The door to forgiveness is open in front of you waiting for you and the path to turn has been made easy for you. Hence, knock on the door and start walking on the path. Ask your Lord for ability and help and fight against your nafs [self] and make it subservient to your Lord. And when you have repented in the Court of your Lord and you again return to sin and you break the Tawbah, then do not shy away from repenting one more time. No matter how many times you repeat the mistake.

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says in Surah Al-Isra ayah 25, “…then indeed He is ever, to the often returning [to Him], Forgiving.” (17: 25)

Lessons:

Awaab is he who keeps turning to his Lord. May He make us of those, aameen. When your good deeds lead you to pride turn to your Lord in humility. When you slip and commit an error turn to your repentance. Keep returning to Him until your eventual return. Ask Him for the ability to repent and reform. If you break the promise do not shy away from repenting again. People will not forgive us if we repeat the same error twice but Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala forgives us no matter how many times we err. Such is His forgiveness! It’s vast.

Fight against your nafs. Make it your slave and become its master. Do not let the nafs rule you.  

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says in Surah Az-Zumar ayaat 53-54, “O My servants who have transgressed against themselves [by sinning], do not despair of the mercy of Allah. Indeed, Allah forgives all sins. Indeed, it is He who is the Forgiving, the Merciful. And return [in repentance] to your Lord and submit to Him before the punishment comes upon you; then you will not be helped.” (39: 53-54)

Lessons:

In the ayah, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala addresses the sinners – those who have been unjust to themselves – to not be disappointed regarding His Mercy. He will forgive all our sins whether it was done in secret or public. Sometimes, we have committed an error and others follow us in it. For example, musicians and artists who return to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala in repentance. They are filled with regret for the work they have done in the past, and how many people have followed them in the sin. Sometimes, we fall for Shirk – no one is free from minor Shirk of riya [showing off], and then we worry about our forgiveness, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala gives us hope that He will forgive all our sins. SubhanAllah! We need to be sincere in our repentance and have complete faith in Him. Do not be discouraged by Satanic whisperings. It’s a trap.

There are two benefits of a sincere repentance: it cleanses our past record and protects us from falling for the same sin again.  

The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam told us if our sins were to reach up to the skies and then we repent, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala will accept our repentance.

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says, “O son of Adam, as long as you call on Me, I shall forgive you of what you have done, and think nothing of it. O son of Adam, even if your sins were to reach up to the clouds in the sky, and then you were to ask for My forgiveness, I would forgive you and think nothing of it. O son of Adam, even if you were to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth, and then you were to meet Me after death, not worshiping anything besides Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great as the earth.” [Tirmidhi]

So where are the repentant, the remorseful?

Where are the returning, the fearful?

Where are those who bow, the prostrating?

NOTE: This is a rough English translation of the Arabic book and lessons discussed in the class. Listen to the Urdu lectures on this book hereDownload the book (in Arabic and Urdu).]

One thought on “Allah is Ghafoor, At-Tawwab, Ar-Raheem

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