From this ayah we gather the following rulings:
- One should complete the Hajj and ‘Umrah for the sake of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala One should do all the parts of Hajj and ‘Umrah by themselves and not pay someone else on their behalf. For example, it has been seen that people sit in their hotels or camps and pay someone else to do Tawaf, Sa’ee or Rami on their behalf. There are some exceptions for the physically disabled but they are no excuses for women or other healthy people. One cannot say it’s too hot today, I cannot perform Tawaf, or that there is too much rush. We can pick a time when it is not too hot or too crowded but there is no exemption.
- If for someone reason one is unable to perform ‘Umrah or Hajj such as they fall sick or are prevented by the enemy then they can offer sacrifice and get out of.
- One should not shave their heads until the sacrifice has been made.
- One can sacrifice any animal that is available and can be afforded such as camels, cows or sheep.
- If one cannot wait for the sacrifice and must shave their heads because they are ill or have lice then they should give fidyah [ransom]. The fidyah is fasting for three days, paying sadaqah equivalent to feeding six needy people or sacrificing an animal.
- One can perform ‘Umrah during the Hajj months.
- When one recovers from health or the blockade has been removed then they can complete their ‘Umrah followed by Hajj by giving sacrifice.
- If one cannot afford an animal then they must fast for a total for ten days; three before the 9th of Thul-Hijjah and make up the remaining days anytime after Hajj.
DOWNLOAD PDF: Tafseer Al-Baqarah Ayah 196
رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيم
“Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.” [Al-Baqarah 2: 127]