February 1, 2016 by Verse By Verse Quran Study Circle
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Tafseer Al-Baqarah Ayah 203
In this ayah emphasis has been given on remembering Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala in Mina.
The word ta’ajjal [تَعَجَّلَ] is from the root ayn-jeem-laam and it means to hasten, speed up or accelerate. The word tuh’sharoon [تُحْشَرُون] is from the root Ha-sheen-ra and it means to congregate, to collect or to gather.
The Hajj pilgrims have been asked to engage themselves in the remembrance of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala so that their Hajj meets a perfect ending and their post-Hajj life becomes correct and fruitful.
The ‘appointed Days’ refer to Ayyam Al-Tashreeq [the 11th, 12th and 13th of Thul Hijjah] during which it is wajib (necessary) to say takbeer (Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar la illaha illalahu wallahu akbar Allahu Akbar walilahil hamd).
Imam Ahmad reported that ‘Uqbah bin ‘Amr said that Allah’s Messenger salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said,
يَوْمُ عَرَفَةَ، وَيَوْمُ النَّحْرِ، وَأَيَّامُ التَّشْرِيقِ، عِيدُنَا أَهْلَ الْإسْلَامِ، وَهِيَ أَيَّامُ أَكْلٍ وَشُرْب
“The day of ‘Arafah [9th of Thul-Hijjah], the day of the Sacrifice (10th) and the days of the Tashreeq [11th, 12th and 13th] are our ‘Eid (festival) for us the people of Islam. These are days of eating and drinking.”
Imam Ahmad reported that Nubayshah Al-Hudhali said that Allah’s Messenger salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said:
أَيَّامُ التَّشْرِيقِ أَيَّامُ أَكْلٍ وشُرْبٍ وَذِكْرِ الله
“The days of Tashreeq are days of eating, drinking and thikr [remembering] of Allah.”
In another hadeeth it appears,
عَرَفَةُ كُلُّهَا مَوْقِفٌ، وَأيَّامُ التَّشْرِيقِ كُلُّهَا ذَبْح
“All of ‘Arafat is a standing place and all of the days of Tashreeq are days of Sacrifice.”
Ibn Jarir reported that Abu Hurayrah radhiAllahu ‘anhu narrated that Allah’s Messenger salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam sent ‘Abdullah bin Hudhafah to Mina proclaiming:
لَا تَصُومُوا هذِه الْأَيَّامَ، فَإنَّهَا أَيَّامُ أَكْلٍ وَشُرْبٍ وَذِكْرِ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَل
“Do not fast these days (i.e., Tashreeq days), for they are days of eating, drinking and remembering Allah the Exalted and Most Honored.”
Duration of Stay at Mina
Immediately following is a clarification of the duration of stay at Mina and the deadline for throwing pebbles at the three Pillars. This was an issue debated by the people of jahiliyyah. Some thought it was necessary to stay at Mina up to the 13th of Thul-Hijjah and throw pebbles at the three Pillars. According to them, coming back from Mina on the 12th was impermissible and those who did so were sinners. Similarly, others regarded coming back on the 12th necessary and staying there till the 13th, a sin. Both were corrected in this ayah by saying, “But whosoever hastens to leave in two days, there is no sin on him and whosoever stays on, there is no sin on him.”
The correct position is that Hajj pilgrims have the option of acting on either of the two permissions. However, it is better and preferable to stay there through the third day (that is, 13th of Thul-Hijjah).
Jurists say that one who leaves Mina before sunset on the second day (i.e. 12th of Thul-Hijjah), it is not necessary for him to do his ramy (throwing of pebbles on the three Pillars) for the third day. But, should the sun set while he is still in Mina, it does not remain anymore permissible for him to leave Mina until he has done his ramy for the third day. However, the ramy for the third day has a special concession that it can also be done between the post-morning and pre-noon hours.
If we look at the manner in which the choice of returning from Mina has been given to the pilgrims – no sin if they return on the second day and no sin if they return on the third day – we realize that all of this is for the convenience of the pilgrims. Shouldn’t we than be grateful to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala?
Closing the ayah, it was said, “…do good and obey Allah (fear Him), and know that you will surely be gathered unto Him.”
This last line is the essence of all acts of worship and especially Hajj. Obey and fear Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala, keeping well in mind that one day we will return to Him. He shall make us account for all our open and hidden deeds, and reward or punish us accordingly.
One should keep fearing Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala throughout their lives and especially during acts of worship, be it prayer, fasting or Hajj. During Hajj, one should guard one’s self from any shortcomings in the prescribed acts of Hajj as well as against any pride or showoff. One should abstain from sins during Hajj and after returning from Hajj. Nothing can stop us from sinning except the fear of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala and the dreadful accountability.
In a hadeeth, it has been said that one who returns after having accomplished his Hajj, is so cleansed of his sins as if he was born on that day. This is why those performing Hajj have been instructed to maintain the quality of taqwa, the vital sense of responsibility before Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. Being one who has been purified from sins, it is necessary to take all possible precautions against what tempts man to fall into sin, earning the best of the worlds, this life and the next. If one returns to his old habits then all the hardships of Hajj have gone to waste. Let the sufferings of Hajj serve as a shield against any temptations to sin.
We ask Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala for His love, nearness, taqwa, and protection. We ask Him to fill our hearts with the concern for the Hereafter, and free us from unnecessary stresses of this life, aameen.
The emphasis on taqwa [Allah-consciousness] towards the conclusion of Hajj command has yet another secret. It goes without saying that Hajj is a great act of ‘ibadah. Once it has been accomplished, the eternal adversary of man, the Satan, generally injects into man’s heart the thought of self-righteousness which simply ruins all his deeds.
Therefore, the final word said was about the need to fear Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala and the necessity to obey Him, not only before the Hajj and during the Hajj, but also after the Hajj. Upon returning home, one must become more mindful about fearing Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala and abstaining from sins by conscious effort, lest all that one has done in the form of the ‘ibadah of Hajj goes waste.Because remember many a times doing good is not that difficult,but protecting the good deed is what needs more hardship and continous struggle. May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala protect our ‘ibadah and protect us from slipping back into sins, aameen.
DOWNLOAD PDF: Tafseer Al-Baqarah Ayah 203
رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيم
“Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.” [Al-Baqarah 2: 127]