Al-Baqarah · Juz 2 · Qur'an Tafseer

Allah Withholds and Allah Grants


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

money in the hand not heart

Part 1

Ayah 245

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala then said, “And it is Allah Who withholds and grants abundance, and to Him you will be returned.” It means spend in the cause of Allah and do not be anxious. He is the Sustainer Who increases or decreases the provisions to whomever He wills among His servants. Allah’s wisdom is perfect, and, to Him shall we return on the Day of Resurrection.

[Al-Qabid [the Withholder], Al-Basit [the Extender]]

When does provision become constricted and when is it expanded? The division of provision is as per decreed by Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. But there are also some causes of this constriction and expansion.

Abu Huraira radhiAllahu ‘anhu reported: The Messenger of Allah salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “Every day in which a servant awakens there are two angels that descend upon him. One angel says: O Allah, give to the one who spends in charity. The other angel says: O Allah, bring destruction upon the one who withholds.[Al-Bukhari, Muslim]



It teaches us that he who is generous his provision is increased and he who is a miser his provision is decreased. People keep hoarding things in their houses until they get expired or are of no use to anyone. For example, clothes – being packed in storage they get stained, eaten by bugs or become out of fashion. You did not give them away and now you can’t even wear them. On the contrary, when you think about others and buy good things for them, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala opens up many doors of goodness for you.

If your child is not eating, feed an orphan child and see how your child’s eating habits are improved. If you are unwell, pay the medical expenses of someone who cannot afford and see yourself recover. There are many areas where we can contribute. The bottom line is to think about others and their needs and to not only think about ourselves or our families.

[Love for Your Brother, What You Love for Yourself]

Before we blame others, we should look at our deeds. How is our relationship with Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala? When it comes to giving in His way do we respond to His call? What kind of things do we give? And is it to show off or only for Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala?

Sadaqah given from permissible wealth never decreases. The condition again is good wealth not haram or useless items.

Do you know zina results in both humiliation and constriction of provision?

Mufti Muhammad Shafi Usmani writes in his Tafseer: When this ayah was revealed, a Companion radhiAllahu ‘anhu asked the Messenger of Allah salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, “O Messenger of Allah, may my father and mother be sacrificed to you, does Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala need load from us, although, He is Ghani – the One Who needs no load?” Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam replied, “Yes, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala does wish to grant you entry in Paradise through it.” Hearing this, the Companion said, “Let the Messenger of Allah salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam stretch his hand forward.” He stretched his hand forward. The Companion said, “I own two date farms. I own nothing except these. I give the loan of these two farms of mine to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala.

The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “Dedicate one of these as waqf [endowment] in the way of Allah and keep the other to take care of your family needs.” The Companion made the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam his witness and dedicated the better farm that had 600 date trees in the way of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam gave him the blessings of Paradise in return. He said: Countless trees laden with dates and spacious palaces are eagerly waiting for him in Paradise. (Qurtubi)

SubhanAllah! And how stingy do we get when it comes to spending in the way of Allah.

DOWNLOAD PDF: Tafseer Al-Baqarah Ayah 245

رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيم                
“Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the Hearing, the Knowing.” [Al-Baqarah 2: 127]

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