In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Al-Baqarah Ayah 255 (Part 3) – Understanding Ayat Al-Kursi
The sixth sentence:
يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ
“He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter,” this refers to His perfect knowledge of all creation; its past, present, and future.
The seventh sentence:
وَلاَ يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِّنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلاَّ بِمَا شَآءَ
“And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills,” asserts the fact that no one attains any part of Allah’s knowledge except what Allah conveys and allows. This part of the ayah indicates that no one ever acquires knowledge of Allah and in His Attributes, except what He conveys to them. For instance, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala said,
وَلاَ يُحِيطُونَ بِهِ عِلْماً
“But they will never compass anything of His knowledge,” (20: 110). It means that all the scientific discoveries being made are not one individual’s personal greatness but it is Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala Who allowed him to make those discoveries. This teaches us that knowledge or intellect is a gift of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala.
The eighth sentence:
وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ السَّمَـوَاتِ وَالاٌّرْضَ
“His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth.”
Waki’ narrated in his Tafseer that Ibn ‘Abbas radhiAllahu ‘anhu said, “Kursi is the footstool, and no one is able to give due consideration to [Allah’s] Throne.” Ad-Dahhak said that Ibn ‘Abbas said, “If the seven heavens and the seven earths were flattened and laid side by side, they would add up to the size of a ring in a desert, compared to the Kursi.”
The ninth sentence:
وَلاَ يَؤُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَا
“And He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them” meaning, it does not burden or cause Him fatigue to protect the heavens and earth and all that is in between them. Rather, this is an easy matter for Him. Further, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala sustains everything, has perfect watch over everything, nothing ever escapes His knowledge and no matter is ever a secret to Him. All matters are insignificant, modest and humble before Him. He is the Most Rich, worthy of all praise. He does what He wills, and no one can ask Him about what He does, while they will be asked. He has supreme power over all things and perfect alertness concerning everything. He is the Most High, the Greatest, there is no deity worthy of worship except Him, and no Lord other than Him.
The tenth sentence:
وَهُوَ الْعَلِىُّ الْعَظِيمُ
“And He is the Most High, the Most Great.” Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is above everything in His Being and His Attributes. Every word in this ayah testifies to this fact.
-This great ayah teaches us that Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala despite being the Greatest and Above everything pays attention to our needs and wants. He provides for us while He has no need for anything. Yet, how negligent are we of Him? This ayah is not only a mean for protection but also a reminder to acknowledge the Greatness of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala.
-Having studied the great attributes of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala, when we are going through a calamity or a test we should remember that we are not alone. If we are obedient to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala and live our lives as righteous servants, there is no reason that Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala will ignore us. He will help us wherever we might be and in whatever situation.
-Therefore, we should turn to Him and surrender to Him. There is no escape from Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala.
-It also reminds us to keep our status in mind – we are nothing before Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. Therefore, there should be pride in our hearts – whatever we have is from Allah. Our accomplishments, our titles, our possessions are all from Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. This should humble us and not make us arrogant.
-If Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala can take care of the skies and heavens, then wouldn’t He protect us? Therefore, depend on no one but Him. He is the Most Powerful – He is above everything that we might be afraid of.
DOWNLOAD PDF: Tafseer Surah Al-Baqarah Ayah 255