In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Tafseer Aal-Imran Ayaat 2 – 3
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala mentions two of His Greatest Names: Al-Hai and Al-Qayyoom. The word Hai [حَي] is from the root Ha-ya-ya meaning hayyat or life. He is the Ever-Living. Unlike the creation, the Creator never dies and He gives life to others. The word Qayyoom [قَيُّوم] is from the root qaf-wau-meem (qamma) which means “standing”. For example, one stands in qiyaam. From the same root is the word qaim. When one consistently sustains or maintains we get “qawwaam”. This is a word used for men as it is their responsibility to look after their women not for one day but for as long as they live.
A greater status than qawwaam is Qayyoom. Qayyoom gives us two meanings: one who is fully and eternally established himself (or self-subsisting) and one who establishes others, and everything depends on him. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is self-subsisting and He sustains others. These two Names reflect the perfect attributes and actions of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. They also lay a rational proof of His Oneness.
In ahadeeth it appears that any supplication made using these two Names of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala has better chances of being accepted. The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam used them when he was distressed. Therefore, the scholars recommend calling upon Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala with these Names.
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala further introduces Himself, “He has sent down up you [O Muhammad], the Book in truth.” The word nazala [نَزَّلَ] means to gradually descend something from above. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala revealed the Qur’an to Prophet Muhammad salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam gradually. The word Haqqa [حَقِّ] is from the root Ha-qaf-qaf which means any word or statement that is found as it should be. It contains no doubt. The Qur’an is free from doubts; there is no suspicion about its content. Not only is the Book free from errors and suspicion but it was also revealed at a time when it was needed. Five hundred years had passed since the death of Prophet ‘Eesa [Jesus] ’alayhi salaam. Both the Torah and Gospel had been modified and people had deviated from the true religion. There was a need for guidance. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala revealed the Qur’an at the time it was needed and in a manner that befitted it. Angel Jibreel [Gabriel] ‘alayhi salaam – the most honored angel revealed the Qur’an on the heart of Muhammad salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam whom Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala calls the best of creation.
Why was the Qur’an revealed gradually? So that the people could learn the commands step-by-step. First make changes in one aspect of your life and then move on to the other. Had it been revealed all at once, it would have been difficult to implement and people would have lost the charm. The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and the Companions radhiAllahu ‘anhum would wait for the revelations to come. The Companions would not move on to the next Surah until they had completely understood one. Many of us rush through the Qur’an in an urgency to “finish” the Qur’an. In doing so, not only do we compromise the rules and etiquettes of reciting the Qur’an but also miss the essence of studying it. Therefore, we see there are many qurahs [reciters] among us but very few who actually live by the Qur’an. May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala allow us to correct our ways, ameen.
Another attribute of the Qur’an is that it is Mussadiq [مُصَدِّقًا] (from the root word saad-dal-qaf) meaning it testifies to the Books (Torah and Gospel) that came before it (in their original form). Also, both the Torah and Gospel testify to the truthfulness of the Qur’an and they contained the description of the last messenger.
Notice that for the Qur’an the word used was nazala [نَزَّلَ] meaning to gradually send down something from above whereas for the Torah and Gospel the word used is anzala [أَنزَلَ] meaning to send down. Both the Torah and Gospel were revealed in one go, in the written form, to their messengers. But the Qur’an was revealed gradually by speech (and therefore, it should be recited in an audible voice and not just in the heart).
Why was the Qur’an revealed gradually while the other Books were revealed in one go? It is because after the Qur’an no other book was to come. Prophet Muhammad salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam is the Last and Final Messenger of Allah. As for the Torah and Gospel, they were both replaced by another Book (the Qur’an), and there were many prophets that came after Prophet Musa ‘alayhi salaam. There was always someone to explain and guide people about the authentic Shar’iah of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. But after Muhammad salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam no messenger will come that will amend the Shar’iah. The Deen is complete now. The previous Books were for their people while the Qur’an is for the entire mankind. It is not exclusively meant for the Muslims. Anybody who picks up the Qur’an, with a clean heart, and seeks guidance from it will be guided.
DOWNLOAD PDF: Tafseer Surah Aal-Imran Ayaat 1 – 3