In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Tafseer Surah Aal-Imran Ayaat 29-30
After the ayah on friendships, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala talks about thoughts and intentions of the heart. A person conceals his thoughts and feelings in his heart such as the love for a certain person or things or the love for or desire to commit something haram. We can hide these thoughts from the people, but they cannot be hidden from Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala.
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala informs His servants that He knows the secrets and apparent matters and nothing concerning them escapes His observation. Rather, His knowledge encompasses them in all conditions, times, days and instances. His knowledge encompasses all that is in the heavens and the earth. Nothing, not even the weight of an atom or what is smaller than that in the earth, seas, and mountains, escapes His observation. “And Allah is over all things competent,” and His ability encompasses everything.
This ayah alerts Allah’s servants that they should fear Him enough to not commit what He prohibits and dislikes, for He has the perfect knowledge in all they do and is able to punish them promptly. He gives respect to some of them, then He punishes them, and He is Swift and Mighty in taking account.
This is why He said next, “The Day every soul will find what it has done of good present [before it],” meaning on the Day of Resurrection, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala will bring the good and evil deeds before the servant whether it was a lot or a little. Notice, He mentions the “good,” first. This should be an encouragement for us to do more good deeds and not give in to laziness or procrastination. When a good thought comes to your mind ask for strength from Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala and act on it.
The word mud’hara [مُّحْضَرًا] is from the root Ha-dad-ra which means “to be present, to come or arrive, to be ready or prepared.”
A record of one’s good and evil deeds will be presented to him on the Day of Judgment as Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says in Surah Al-Qiyamah,
يُنَبَّأُ الْإِنسَانُ يَوْمَئِذٍ بِمَا قَدَّمَ وَأَخَّرَ
“Man will be informed that Day of what he sent ahead and kept back,” (75:13).
It also means that a person’s good deeds will take a physical form such as a person who regularly recites the Qur’an, lives by it and builds a relationship with it, will find the Qur’an as his companion in the grave and will intercede on his behalf on the Day of Judgment. A person who regularly recites Surah Al-Baqarah and Surah Aal-Imran will see them taking the form of two clouds shading him. SubhanAllah! May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala make us of those who when they learn about the rewards of the Hereafter hasten to work for them, ameen.
When the servant sees his good deeds, he becomes happy and delighted. When he sees the evil deeds he committed, he becomes sad and angry. Then he will wish that he could disown his evil work and that a long distance separated it from him. He will also say to the devil who used to accompany him in this life, and who used to encourage him to do evil:
حَتَّىٰ إِذَا جَاءَنَا قَالَ يَا لَيْتَ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَكَ بُعْدَ الْمَشْرِقَيْنِ فَبِئْسَ الْقَرِينُ
“Oh, I wish there was between me and you the distance between the east and west – how wretched a companion.” [az-Zuhkruf 43:38]
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala then gives a warning, “And Allah warns you of Himself,” meaning He warns you against His punishment. For His believing servants He said, “and Allah is Kind to [His] servants,” thus bringing hope to them so that they do not despair from His mercy or feel hopeless of His kindness.
Allah’s Name, Ar-Ra’uf is from the root ra-hamza-fa which is “to show compassion.” Rafa is different from Rahmah which is being merciful. Rafa is that when you see someone in a difficult situation you are overwhelmed with feelings of compassion and mercy, and this feeling makes you want to do something for them to relieve them of their misery. SubhanAllah!
Hasan Al-Basri said, “Allah is so kind with them that He warns them against Himself.” Other commented, “He is merciful with His creation and likes for them to remain on His Straight Path and chosen religion, and to follow His honorable Messenger ﷺ.”
-We learn that nothing escapes the knowledge of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala, therefore, our focus should be on improving ourselves and improving the state of our hearts. Don’t fear people, only fear Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala.
-The heart of a person plays an important role not just of pumping blood but it is the place where the Qur’an was revealed. Our feelings, thoughts, love, hatred, ambitions are hidden in the heart. How should our heart be? As is pleasing to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala.
The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam explained that love for the sake of Allah and hate for the sake of Allah are among the signs of faith. Abu Dawood narrated from Abu Umaamah radhiAllahu ‘anhu that the Messenger of Allah salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “Whoever loves for the sake of Allah and hates for the sake of Allah, gives for the sake of Allah and withholds for the sake of Allah, will have perfected his faith.”
-We want people to note our good deeds and praise us, but if we conceal our good deeds from the people and do them solely for the pleasure of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala, He will honor us in front of His entire creation. Likewise, when we do not fear Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala while committing a haram action, we should remember that it will be revealed to us in front of the entire creation. Let’s hasten to do good deeds and train our soul to stay away from the haram.
-We learn that a good deed done in the world will be presented to the person in the Hereafter in three ways: recorded in our written record, their reward and in a physical form.
-We learn that we should take neither the good deeds nor the sins lightly. For example, people learn about the virtues of a good deed and delay it. This happens to a lot of us. Imagine, if we had acted on all of our good thoughts and performed the deed, how many gifts of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala would be waiting for us in the Hereafter? Similarly, we take our evil deeds lightly such as passing remarks about other people’s physical features. When talking about someone how often have we said, “Oh she is so short,” or “Oh she is so dark,” as if a person chooses their features, family or identity!
-Many times we fall into sins because of the company that we sit with. The words that we speak, the clothes that we choose and the lifestyle that we adopt is influenced by others. Be careful about who you befriend.
-We should develop a habit of making the following D’ua:
-When someone warns us, we don’t like them that they don’t let us do what we want to do. But Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala warns us out of His affection for us. He wants to save us from the punishments of this world and the Hereafter.
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