Aal-Imran · Juz 3 · Qur'an Tafseer

The Birth of Prophet ‘Eesa [Jesus] and His Character Traits

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Tafseer Surah Aal-Imran Ayaat 45-47

This ayah contains the glad tidings of the birth of Prophet ‘Eesa [Jesus] ‘alayhi salaam.

The angels descended and informed Mariam (AS) that she would give birth to a mighty son who will have a great future. A son will come into existence with a word from Allah, “Be,” and it will be. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala then introduces this child to Mariam (AS), “whose name will be the Messiah, Eesa, the son of Mariam,” this is the name that he will be known by the believers. Messiah because when he touches the ill, they will be cured of their illness by the permission of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala highlights the fact, “the son of Mariam,” because this child would have a miraculous birth similar to that of Adam (AS). This child will have a mother but no father. This fact in itself tells us that Jesus is not the son of god because if he was Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala would have stated that instead of saying, son of Mariam.  

He then tells her about his character traits, “distinguished in this world and the Hereafter and among those brought near [to Allah]. He will speak to the people in the cradle and in maturity and will be of the righteous.” He will be a leader and honored by Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala in this life because of the Law that Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala will reveal to him, sending down the Scripture to him, along with the other bounties that Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala will grant him with. Ibn Katheer writes: ‘Eesa ‘alayhi salaam will be honored in the Hereafter and will intercede with Allah, by His leave, on behalf of some people, just as is the case with his brethren the mighty Messengers of Allah ‘alayhim salaam.

The word wajeehan [وَجِيهًا] means face. Some people have charismatic personality; you meet them and can never forget their face. They stand out from the crowd. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala created each of His prophets and messengers (AS) with some distinguished traits. Prophet Yusuf (AS) was known for his piety and handsomeness.

The word wajeeh is also used for sharaf [nobility], makana [position], and siyada [leadership]. It means the one who is notable, honorable, has a high position in the sight of people and he leads others.

These are the traits of ‘Eesa [Jesus] peace be upon him, subhanAllah!

‘Eesa [Jesus] Spoke When He was Still in the Cradle

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says, “He will speak to the people in the cradle and in maturity,” calling to the worship of Allah Alone without partners, while still in the cradle, as a miracle from Allah, and when he is a man, by Allah’s revelation to him.

Abu Huraira (RA) said that the Messenger of Allah salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “No infant spoke in the cradle except ‘Eesa and the companion of Jurayj.”

“…and will be of the righteous,” meaning in his statements and actions, for he will possess, pure knowledge and righteous works.

Salih [righteous] is a person whose inner and outer or secret and public life is same. He is known as a pious person. He does what is pleasing to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala when he is among the people as well as when he is alone. May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala make us of the saliheen and enable us to improve our secret and public life, ameen.

‘Eesa (AS) was created Without a Father

When Mariam (AS) heard the good news that the angels conveyed from Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala, she said, “My Lord, how will I have a child when no man has touched me?” Ibn Katheer commented that she meant: How can I have a son while I did not marry, nor intend to marry, nor am I an indecent woman, may Allah forbid.

The angel conveyed to Mariam, Allah’s answer, “Such is Allah; He creates what He wills.” He is Mighty in power and nothing escapes His ability. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala used the word “create” here instead of the word “does” as in the story of Prophet Zakariyya (3:40) to eradicate any evil thought concerning ‘Eesa ‘alayhi salaam.

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala then emphasized this fact when He said, “When He decrees a matter, He only says to it, ‘Be,’ and it is,” meaning what Allah wills comes into existence instantly and without delay. At another place in the Qur’an, He says, “And Our command is but one, like a glance of the eye,” [Al-Qamar 54:50] meaning Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala only issues the command once and it comes into existence instantly, as fast as, and faster than, a blink of the eye.


-Here is a pious, single woman worried about having a child without having any relations with a man, since this was a special miracle of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala, He strengthens her by narrating to her the admirable qualities of the baby yet-to-be-born.

-How was this miraculous baby created? By the word, “Be.” It tells us that nothing is difficult for Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala, if you want something and if He knows it’s good for you, He will grant it to you. Ask sincerely, the way Mariam’s mother and Prophet Zakariyya (AS) prayed to Allah subhanahu wa tala’a.

-Why was ‘Eesa (AS) sent? It was the last chance that the Children of Israel were being given that correct your ways. You were a chosen nation, you were obligated to spread the message to others but you became arrogant and disobeyed. Now the message is for the Muslims – the new chosen nation. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala has given the Book to us which will never be altered. It is our duty to believe in it, understand it, live by it and spread its message to others. What are we doing with Allah’s Book?

-In the Qur’an wherever ‘Eesa (AS) is mentioned, it is said “the son of Mariam” or “Jesus, the son of Mary.” People are called by the name of their father, “the son of ‘Abdullah,” but since ‘Eesa (AS) doesn’t have a father, he is called by his mother’s name. This is God telling us in His Book, which means we cannot attribute Jesus to Him. Jesus was a servant of God like everybody else. He was created and God is not created. God has always been there when there was nothing. It also tells us that we cannot accuse the pious slave of Allah, Mariam (AS) of adultery because Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is proclaiming her piety. He says: You’ve been chosen. And He is informing her: A son will be born to you. While Mariam (AS) is anxious: How can a child be born to me when no man has touched me.

DOWNLOAD PDF: Tafseer Surah Aal-Imran Ayaat 45-47

رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيم                
“Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.” [Al-Baqarah 2: 127]

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