In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Tafseer Surah Aal-Imran Ayaat 59-60
In the previous ayaat, we learned the truth about Prophet ‘Eesa [Jesus] ‘alayhi salaam. We learned about his miraculous birth, his mother was a pious lady, he was a servant of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala and “not” His son and that he was “not” crucified, he was risen alive before the evil plotters could even reach him.
In the ayaat under study, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala gives us another explanation of Prophet ‘Eesa’s miraculous birth. He says,
“Indeed, the example of ‘Eesa [Jesus] to Allah is like that of Adam,” the birth of Prophet Adam ‘alayhi salaam was also a miraculous incident, for he was created without a father or a mother. In the case of ‘Eesa ‘alayhi salaam, he had a mother but no role of father was involved. All it took Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala was to say, “Be,” and Prophet Adam and Prophet ‘Eesa [Jesus] were created/born.
Therefore, He Who created Adam without a father or a mother is able to create ‘Eesa, as well, without a father. If the claim is made that ‘Eesa ‘alayhi salaam is Allah’s son [we seek refuge with Allah from uttering this statement or having this belief] because he was created without a father, then the same claim befits Adam ‘alayhi salaam even more. However, since such a claim regarding Adam (AS) is obviously false, then making the same claim about ‘Eesa (AS) is even more false.
By mentioning these facts, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala emphasizes His ability, by creating Adam (AS) without a male or female, Hawa’ (AS) from a male without a female, and ‘Eesa (AS) from a mother without a father, compared to His creating the rest of creation from male and female. This is why Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala said in Surah Mariam,
وَلِنَجْعَلَهُ آيَةً لِّلنَّاسِ
“…and We will make him a sign to the people,” [Qur’an 19: 21]
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says, “The truth is from your Lord, so do not be among the doubters.” This is the only story about ‘Eesa [Jesus] ‘alayhi salaam and this is what we believe in. We neither doubt Allah’s actions nor do we have to argue with other people in this regard.
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