In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Tafseer Surah Aal-Imran Ayaat 75-77
In these ayaat, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala talks about the deceitful people among the Jews. He also warns the faithful against being deceived by them.
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says that some can be trusted with a big amount of money. When it is time to pay back, they will return it. Qintar [قِنطَار] is from the root word qaf-noon-ta-ra and it means “to have a heap of wealth, a large sum of money, treasures or talent.”
“And among them is he who, if you entrust him with a [single] silver coin, he will not return it to you unless you are constantly standing over him [demanding it],” and insisting your rightful property. If this were, what he would do with one Dinar, then what about what is more than a Dinar?
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala tells us the reason why they do this, “That is because they say, ‘There is no blame upon us concerning the unlearned.’” Their belief is that since they are the People of the Book or the learned ones, it is okay to cheat the unlettered Arabs. They attribute this to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala that He has permitted them to do so.
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala responds, “And they speak untruth about Allah while they know [it].” They invite a lie against Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala to misguide people. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala would not allow anyone to cheat another whether they are Muslims or non-Muslims.
‘Abdur-Razzaq recorded that Sa’sa’ah bin Yazid said that a man asked Ibn ‘Abbas (RA), “During battle, we capture some property belonging to Ahl Adh-Dhimmah, such as chickens and sheep.” Ibn ‘Abbas said, “What do you do in this case?” The man said, “We say that there is no sin (if we confiscate them) in this case.” Ibn ‘Abbas said, “That is what the People of the Book said, ‘There is no blame upon us concerning the unlearned.’ Verily, if they pay the Jizyah [tax], then you are not allowed their property, except when they willingly give it up.”
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala ends the address by saying, “Whoever fulfills his commitment and fears Allah – then indeed, Allah loves those who fear Him.” We are taught to fulfill our promises – when we agree to do something then we must do it. The People of the Book took a covenant with Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala that they will be believe in and follow the Last Messenger, Muhammad salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. This was a promise that He took from all the prophets and their nations. Whoever avoids Allah’s prohibitions, obeys Him, and adheres to the Shari’ah that He sent with His Final Messenger and the master of all mankind then such a person should know that Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala loves him.
May He include us among those who are beloved to Him, ameen.
In ayah 77 Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says, “Those who exchange the covenant of Allah and their [own] oaths for a small price will have no share in the Hereafter,” The covenant of Allah refers to the promise of believing in and following the Last Messenger, Muhammad salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. The small price refers to the temporary gains of this world. It means that those who prefer the temporary pleasures or gains of this life instead of honoring their promise to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala will have no share in the rewards of the Hereafter. “Allah will not speak to them or look at them on the Day of Resurrection,” Ibn Katheer comments in his tafseer that it means Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala will not speak words of kindness with them or look at them with mercy. May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala not make us of those who will have no share in the Hereafter. May He never deprive us of His kindness and mercy, ameen.
“nor will He purify them,” from sins and impurities. Rather, He will order them to the Fire as is indicated by the words, “and they will have a painful punishment.”
Imam Ahmad reported that Abu Dharr (RA) said that the Messenger of Allah salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “There are three people whom Allah will not speak to, look at on the Day of Judgment or purify, and they shall taste a painful torment.” Abu Dharr (RA) asked who they were. The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “The Musbil [a man whose clothes reach below the ankles], he who swears while lying so as to sell his merchandise and the one who gives charity and reminds people of it.” This Hadith was also recorded by Muslims and the collectors of the Sunan.
Imam Ahmad recorded that ‘Adi bin ‘Amirah Al-Kindi said, “Imru’ Al-Qays bin ‘Abis, a man from Kindah, disputed with a man from Hadramut in front of the Messenger of Allah concerning a piece of land. The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam required the man from Hadramut to present his evidence, but he did not have any. The Prophet (SA) required Imru’ Al-Qays to swear to his truthfulness, but the man from Hadramut said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! If you only require him to swear, then by the Lord of the Ka`bah (Allah), my land is lost.’ The Messenger of Allah salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “Whoever swears while lying to acquire the property of others will meet Allah while He is angry with him.” Raja, one of the narrators, said the Prophet (SA) recited this ayah.
Imru’ Al-Qays said, ‘What if one forfeits this dispute, what will he gain, O Messenger of Allah?’ The Prophet (SA) answered, ‘Paradise.’ Imru’ Al-Qays said, ‘Bear witness that I forfeit all the land for him.’” An-Nasa’i also recorded this Hadith.
In another Hadith, Imam Ahmad recorded that ‘Abdullah said that the Messenger of Allah said, “Whoever takes a false oath to deprive a Muslim of his property will meet Allah while He is angry with him.”
Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said, “Three people whom Allah shall not speak to on the Day of Resurrection, or look at, or purify them, and they shall taste a painful torment. (They are) a man who does not give the wayfarer some of the water that he has; a man who swears, while lying, to complete a sales transaction after the ‘Asr prayer; and a man who gives his pledge of allegiance to an Imam (Muslim Ruler), and if the Imam gives him (something), he fulfills the pledge, but if the Imam does not give him, he does not fulfill the pledge).” Abu Da’wud and At-Tirmidhi also recorded this Hadith, and At-Tirmidhi graded it Hasan Sahih.
-In the previous ayaat we studied some examples of prejudice and bigotry, this is another example of the two that support and favor only those who are on your religion or from your tribe. Islam condemns such a behavior and encourages us to become people of principle. One should not be favored only because they are white, black, Muslim, Christian or Jew, we must look at their conduct too. If they are doing something good then we must support but if they are doing something that is contrary to the right conduct, then we must not assist them in any way at all.
-A man of principle will choose for others what he chooses for himself. He will not harm or cheat others. A selfish person will only think about himself without thinking about what is good or evil.
-We learn that the people who do not fulfill their covenants will have no share in the Hereafter. It is a trait of a hypocrite to make a commitment and then not honor it.
-Sometimes business people deceive others by quoting a high price and claim that so-and-so customer is willing to pay me this amount. They do this only to sell their goods at a high profit while in reality there is no buyer. An earning earned through unlawful means makes it unlawful even if the goods or business is lawful.
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