Aal-Imran · Juz 4 · Qur'an Tafseer

The Enthusiastic Obedience of the Sahabah RA

(related to Tafseer of Surah Aal-Imran Ayah 92)

The Companions radhiAllahu ‘anhum who were the first addressees of the Qur’anic commands and the direct disciples of Prophet Muhammad salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam loved to carry out the commands of the Qur’an in letter and spirit.

When this ayah was revealed, each of them surveyed as to what they loved most out of what they had. Requests started coming before the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam that these be spent in the way of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala.

Abu Talhah radhiAllahu ‘anhu was the richest person among the Ansaar of Madina. He was the owner of a fruit farm located right across the mosque of the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. It has a well called Bayruha’. The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam used to visit this farm and drink its water.

Abu Talhah’s farm was precious, fertile and the dearest of everything that he owned. After the revelation of this ayah (Aal-Imran Ayah 92), he presented himself before the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and said, “I hold Bayruha’ the dearest of everything that I own. I wish to spend it in the way of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. I request you to use for whatever purpose you like.” The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam replied, “The farm is a high-yield property. I think it is appropriate that you distribute it among your kith and kin.” Abu Talhah radhiAllahu ‘anhu accepting the suggestion distributed it among his relatives and cousins (recorded by Al-Bukhari and Muslim). This hadeeth also tells us that charity is not restricted to spending on the poor and the needy but it is equally charitable and meritorious to give it to one’s own family and relatives.

Zaid ibn Harith radhiAllahu ‘anhu came with a horse and said that he loved it more than anything else that he owned. He wanted to spend it in the way of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam accepted it and gave it to Usamah ibn Zaid radhiAllahu ‘anhu. Zaid radhiAllahu ‘anhu was disappointed to see the charity being returned to his own family. The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam comforted him by saying, “Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala has accepted this charity of yours.” [Tafseer Mazhari]

‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar radhiAllahu ‘anhu had a bond-maid he loved. He freed her in the name of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala.  

[Taken from Ma’arif ul Qur’an by Mufti Muhammad Shafi Usmani (slightly modified for clarity)]  
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