Tafseer Surah Aal-Imran Ayaat 100 – 101
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala warns His believing servants against obeying the People of the Book who envy the believers for the favor that Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala gave them by sending His Messenger salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.
We read a similar ayah in Surah Al-Baqarah where Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala said,
وَدَّ كَثِيرٌ مِّنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ لَوْ يَرُدُّونَكُم مِّن بَعْدِ إِيمَانِكُمْ كُفَّارًا حَسَدًا مِّنْ عِندِ أَنفُسِهِم مِّن بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمُ الْحَقُّ ۖ
“Many of the People of the Scripture wish they could turn you back to disbelief after you have believed, out of envy from themselves [even] after the truth has become clear to them.” (2:109)
First, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala informs us of the hidden desire of the People of the Book and then warns us, “And how could you disbelieve while to you are being recited the ayaat of Allah and among you is His Messenger?” Ibn Katheer comments that it means disbelief is far from touching you since the ayaat of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala are being sent down on His Messenger day and night, and he recites and conveys them to you.
In Surah Al-Hadeed, He says,
وَمَا لَكُمْ لَا تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ ۙ وَالرَّسُولُ يَدْعُوكُمْ لِتُؤْمِنُوا بِرَبِّكُمْ وَقَدْ أَخَذَ مِيثَاقَكُمْ إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ
“And why do you not believe in Allah while the Messenger invites you to believe in your Lord and He has taken your covenant, if you should [truly] be believers?” (57:8)
A hadeeth states that one day the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said to his Companions,
أَيُّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَعْجَبُ إِلَيْكُمْ إِيمَانًا؟
“Who among the faithful believers do you consider has the most amazing faith?” The Companions said, “The angels.” He said,
وَكَيْفَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ وَهُمْ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِم
“Why would they not believe, since they are with their Lord?” They mentioned the prophets, and the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said,
وَكَيْفَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ وَالْوَحْيُ يَنْزِلُ عَلَيْهِمْ؟
“Why would they not believe while the revelation is sent down to them?” They said, “Then, we are.” He said,
وَكَيْفَ لَا تُؤْمِنُونَ وَأَنَا بَيْنَ أَظْهُرِكُمْ؟
“Why would not you believe when I am among you?” They asked, “Who has the most amazing faith?” The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said,
قوْمٌ يَجِيئُونَ مِنْ بَعْدِكُمْ يَجِدُونَ صُحُفًا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِمَا فِيهَا
“A people who will come after you and who will find only books that they will believe in.”
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says,
وَمَن يَعْتَصِم بِاللَّهِ فَقَدْ هُدِيَ إِلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ
“And whoever holds firmly to Allah has [indeed] been guided to a straight path.”
Ibn Katheer comments trusting and relying on Allah are the basis of achieving the right guidance and staying away from the path of wickedness. They also represent the tool for acquiring guidance and truth and achieving the righteous aims.
We learn an important lesson of verifying our sources of information. We should not believe and accept everything that someone tells us. We should verify if it is even correct. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala has given us the Qur’an and sent the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam to teach us what is permissible and what is not. It is our duty to learn and implement these teachings in our lives so that we can become firm in the Deen.
If someone argues with you about your religion do not listen to them or engage with them. After you have conveyed the truth, walk away or leave the conversation. Because if we persist, they have many ways to dissuade us from the Right Path and we do not want that to happen to us.
It teaches us that we should not blindly adopt anything that is presented to us especially when living in the West. When people around us are celebrating the Valentine’s Day, Easter, Halloween or Christmas, we must ask ourselves is it even allowed in my religion. When buying clothes, we should not buy everything that is in fashion, we should first ask ourselves does this even meet the Islamic guidelines of dressing.
From the food that we eat, to the clothes that we wear, to the places that we go and the activities that we participate in, everything should be according to the Islamic guidelines and not people’s standards.
We have become so assimilated that we have lost our identity. Ask a Muslim about the important dates in an Islamic calendar, they would not know. Ask them about Valentine’s Day, Mother’s Day, Father’s Day, Halloween, and they will tell you within seconds. Who are we?
Our criteria is the Qur’an and that is what we must follow not what other people are doing
The point of this ayah is not to instill hatred for those who are not Muslims but to become conscious, to think before speaking and doing something. Do not say yes to everything that others are doing. You are a Muslim – someone who is entirely submissive to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala in worship, in dressing, in food, in earning, and all other aspects of life.
DOWNLOAD PDF: Tafseer Surah Aal-Imran Ayaat 100 – 101