Tafseer Surah Aal-Imran Ayaat 110 – 112 [Part 2]
While delivering the good news to His believing servants that victory and dominance will be theirs against the disbelieving, atheistic People of the Scriptures, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala said,
لَن يَضُرُّوكُمْ إِلَّا أَذًى ۖ وَإِن يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ يُوَلُّوكُمُ الْأَدْبَارَ ثُمَّ لَا يُنصَرُونَ
“They will not harm you except for [some] annoyance. And if they fight you, they will show you their backs; then they will not be aided.”
Ibn Katheer comments this is what occurred, for at the battle of Khyber, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala brought humiliation and disgrace to the Jews.
Before that, the Jews in Madinah, the tribes of Qaynuqa’, Nadir and Qurayzah, were also humiliated by Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. Such was the case with the Christians in the area of Ash-Sham later on, when the Companions defeated them in many battles and took over the leadership of Ash-Sham forever. There shall always be a group of Muslims in Ash-Sham area until ‘Eesa, son of Maryam, ‘alayhim salaam descends while they are like this (on the truth, apparent and victorious). Prophet ‘Eesa will at that time rule according to the Law of Muhammad salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, break the cross, kill the swine, banish the Jizyah and only accept Islam from the people.
[Book: Enjoining Good and Forbidding Evil by Ibn Taimiyyah]
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala said next,
ضُرِبَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الذِّلَّةُ أَيْنَ مَا ثُقِفُوا إِلَّا بِحَبْلٍ مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَحَبْلٍ مِّنَ النَّاسِ
“They have been put under humiliation [by Allah] wherever they are overtaken, except for a covenant from Allah and a rope from the Muslims.”
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala has placed humiliation and disgrace on them wherever they may be, and they will never be safe, except for a covenant from Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala and a covenant from men.
“Covenant from Allah,” means under the Dhimmah [covenant of protection] from Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala that requires them to pay the Jizyah [tax to Muslims] and makes them subservient to Islamic Law.
“and a rope from the men,” means covenant from men, such as pledges of protection and safety offered to them by Muslim men and women, and even a slave, according to one of the sayings of the scholars.
Ibn ‘Abbas radhiAllahu ‘anhu commented that this refers to a covenant of protection from Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala and a pledge of safety from the people.
Similar was said by Mujahid, ‘Ikrimah, ‘Ata’, Ad-Dahhak, Al-Hasan, Qatadah, As-Suddi and Ar-Rabi` bin Anas.
Allah’s statement, “they have drawn upon themselves anger from Allah and have been put under destitution,” means they earned the wrath of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala and have been put under misery because they deserved it. They call it upon themselves, “because they disbelieved in the ayaat of Allah and killed the prophets without right.” It was their arrogance, transgression, and envy, that drove them to humiliation, degradation, and disgrace throughout this life and the Hereafter. They habitually disobeyed Allah’s commands, committed His prohibitions, and transgressed His set limits.
We seek refuge from this behavior, and Allah Alone is sought for every kind of help.
We learn the virtue of being beneficial to others. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala created us not to only think about ourselves but also for others. We must look for opportunities to benefit our families, our friends, our neighbors and the communities that we live in.
We learn that having emaan is as important as enjoining good and forbidding evil. We have learned previously that any good deed done without faith is not accepted.
A real well-wisher is not he who worries about others’ worldly life but he who is “also” concerned about their Hereafter. Therefore, despite criticism, they will keep doing da’wah, enjoin good and forbid evil.
Enjoining good forbidding evil also allows one to raise their standards. We will not accept mediocrity. We will not live as average Muslims but strive to become better. We will grow ourselves and contribute to the betterment of others and society.
We should not worry about pleasing others but rather please Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. We need to learn what is acceptable in religion and what is not.
The more one enjoins good and forbids evil the more his rank will increase in the Sight of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. Because such a person will be conscious of his actions.
We learn that when a person/nation does not do what they have been created for then they are humiliated in this world and the Hereafter. We should be curious about finding our obligations as defined by Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala and honor them.
DOWNLOAD PDF: Tafseer Surah Aal-Imran Ayaat 110 – 112