Ayaat 41-45 – The Final Abode for Those Who have Taqwa
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala informs His servants that those who have taqwa and worship Him by performing the obligations and abandoning the forbidden things will be in gardens and springs on the Day of Judgment. This means their condition will be opposite of the wretched people because they refrained from denying the Hereafter and accepted it and passed their life in the world with the belief that in the Hereafter they would have to render an account of their word and deed and their conduct and character.
They will be presented with different varieties of fruits and asked to eat their fill. This will be said to them out of kindness for them. Re-establishing what He has previously mentioned, “Verily, thus We reward the Muhsinoon (good-doers),” (77: 44) meaning this is Our reward for whoever does good deeds.
Therefore, “Woe that Day to the deniers,” meaning one of their afflictions will be that after their crimes have been proven and established they will not even be in a position to open their mouths to put forward a plea in self defense, and shall ultimately become fuel of Hell. Their other affliction, and by far the worse will be that they will see the same believers enjoying themselves in Paradise, whom they had been opposing and resisting and mocking throughout their lives as foolish, narrow-minded, mean and old fashioned people.
Ayaat 46-50 – A Threat for Whoever denies the Day of Judgment
In the previous ayaat, the address was to the believers and now the deniers are being addressed. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says,
They may eat and drink and enjoy themselves in this world, but the span is short and then there will be nothing but punishment for them. Then they will be driven to the fire of Hell. This is similar to what Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says in Surah Luqman, “We let them enjoy for a little while, then in the end We shall oblige them to (enter) a great torment,” (31:24).
Why will the deniers face such an end? It is because, “when it is said to them: ‘Bow down yourself!’ They bow not down,” (77:49). According to most commentators the word rukuh is used here in its primitive sense ‘to bow down and submit’. The ayah signifies that when they were told to submit to the Divine commands, they refused to comply unlike the Mutaqoon (described earlier). Some scholars take the word rukuh in its technical sense and interpret it as ‘when they are called to prayer they refused to pray’.
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala closes the discussion by saying, “Then in what statement after this (the Qur’an) will they believe?” Qur’an is the last Book of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala explaining its message and wisdom most eloquently and its arguments are most convincing. If they do not believe in such a Book, then for which word are they waiting? This is to express disappointment in them.
May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala make us of those who have taqwa and do righteous deeds, aameen.
– The Mujrimoon enjoy in the dunya but their enjoyment is limited. The Muttaqoon will enjoy in the Hereafter but their enjoyment will be ever-lasting. This does not mean they practice asceticism they do enjoy of the good things that Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala has created but their focus is on the Hereafter.
– Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala the reward will be for the Muhsinoon, this tells us that we must do things at the level of excellence and not ‘let’s-get-done-with-it’.
– Why will the deniers face stern punishment? It is because they did not bow down to Allah. Therefore, we should bow down to Him in complete submission and abide by what He tells us to do. Those who did not prostrate to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala in the dunya will not be able to prostrate in the Hereafter.
– Qur’an is the Word of Allah and if a person does not believe in it then he cannot believe in anything else.
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